Kilograms Per Square Meter to Atmospheres Conversion

Enter the pressure in kilograms per square meter below to get the value converted to atmospheres.

Results in Atmospheres:
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1 kgf/m² = 9.6784E-5 atm
Hint: use a scientific notation calculator to convert E notation to decimal

How to Convert Kilograms Per Square Meter to Atmospheres

To convert a kilogram per square meter measurement to an atmosphere measurement, multiply the pressure by the conversion ratio.

Since one kilogram per square meter is equal to 9.6784E-5 atmospheres, you can use this simple formula to convert:

atmospheres = kilograms per square meter × 9.6784E-5

The pressure in atmospheres is equal to the kilograms per square meter multiplied by 9.6784E-5.

For example, here's how to convert 50,000 kilograms per square meter to atmospheres using the formula above.
50,000 kgf/m² = (50,000 × 9.6784E-5) = 4.839206 atm

Kilograms per square meter and atmospheres are both units used to measure pressure. Keep reading to learn more about each unit of measure.

Kilograms Per Square Meter

One kilogram per square meter is the pressure of equal to one kilogram-force per square meter.

The kilogram per square meter is a non-SI metric unit for pressure. A kilogram per square meter is sometimes also referred to as a kilogram per square metre or kilogram-force per meter square. Kilograms per square meter can be abbreviated as kgf/m²; for example, 1 kilogram per square meter can be written as 1 kgf/m².

In formal expressions, the slash, or solidus (/), is used to separate units used to indicate division in an expression.[1]

The unit is deprecated and not permitted for use with SI units.

Kilograms per square meter can be expressed using the formula:
1 kgf/m2 = 1 kgf / m2

Pressure in kilograms per square meter are equal to the kilogram-force divided by the area in square meters.


The atmosphere is a reference measure of pressure equal to 101,325 pascals or 1,013,250 dynes. The atmosphere was originally defined as the pressure of 760 millimeters of mercury at standard gravity at 0 °C, but was later redefined in 1954 to be equal to 1,013,250 dynes.

Atmospheres can be abbreviated as atm; for example, 1 atmosphere can be written as 1 atm.

Kilogram Per Square Meter to Atmosphere Conversion Table

Kilogram per square meter measurements converted to atmospheres
Kilograms Per Square Meter Atmospheres
1 kgf/m² 0.000096784 atm
2 kgf/m² 0.000194 atm
3 kgf/m² 0.00029 atm
4 kgf/m² 0.000387 atm
5 kgf/m² 0.000484 atm
6 kgf/m² 0.000581 atm
7 kgf/m² 0.000677 atm
8 kgf/m² 0.000774 atm
9 kgf/m² 0.000871 atm
10 kgf/m² 0.000968 atm
100 kgf/m² 0.009678 atm
1,000 kgf/m² 0.096784 atm
10,000 kgf/m² 0.967841 atm
100,000 kgf/m² 9.6784 atm


  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Guide to the SI, Chapter 6: Rules and Style Conventions for Printing and Using Units,

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