Quartile Calculator – IQR Calculator
Find the quartiles and interquartile range of a data set by entering the numbers in the calculator below.
|Second Quartile / Median:|
|Interquartile Range (IQR):|
How to Find Quartiles
In statistics, quartiles mark the boundaries or divisions of a data set into four equally sized groups.
The median is a quartile marking the division between the first half of the data and the second half. The median is actually the second quartile.
The first quartile represents the 25th percentile, and 25% of the data will be below the first quartile, and 75% will be above it. The third quartile represents the 75th percentile, and 75% of the data will be below the first quartile, and 25% will be above it.
You can find the quartiles by following a few simple steps.
Step One: Sort the Data
The first step is to sort the data set from smallest to largest. You can use our ordering numbers calculator to speed this step up.
Step Two: Find the Median
The second step to finding the quartiles is to find the median. As we noted above, the median is also the second quartile.
The median is the number that is exactly in the middle of the data set. If the data contains an even amount of numbers, then the median is actually the mean of the middle two numbers.
Step Three: Split the Data into Halves
Next, split the data set into two halves, separated by the median. The numbers below the median will be the first half, and the numbers above the median will be the second.
Step Four: Find the Quartiles
Now it’s time to find the quartiles.
The first quartile, or lower quartile, is the median value of the first half of the data. You can find it just like finding the median.
The third quartile, or upper quartile, is the median value of the second half of the data.
For example, let’s find the quartiles of the data [4,8,5,5,7,3,9]
Let’s start by sorting the numbers from smallest to largest. The sorted data should look like this:
Then, let’s find the median. Recall that the median is the number exactly in the middle.
Next, split the data into two halves on either side of the median. The two halves should look like this:
[3,4,5] & [7,8,9]
And finally, let’s find the quartiles. Recall that the quartiles are the numbers in the middle of each of the halves of data.
[3,4,5] & [7,8,9]
So, the quartiles in this data set are:
Q1 = 4
Q2 = 5
Q3 = 8
How to Find the Interquartile Range
The interquartile range, or IQR, is the difference between the first and third quartiles. The interquartile range and quartiles are often used to find outliers in the data.
Finding the interquartile range is very similar to finding the range of the data. The only difference is that the first and third quartiles are used rather than the min and max values.
To find the interquartile range, use the formula:
IQR = Q3 – Q1
IQR = interquartile range
Q1 = first quartile
Q3 = third quartile
Thus, the interquartile range IQR is equal to the third quartile Q3 minus the first quartile Q1.