Rectangle Calculator

Use our rectangle calculator to find the area, perimeter, and diagonals of your shape.

Enter any two properties of a rectaingle to calculate the remaining properties.

diagram of a rectangle showing the length, width, and diagonal


Length (l):
Width (w):
Area (A):
Perimeter (P):
Diagonal (d):
Circumradius (R):
Inradius (r):
Learn how we calculated this below

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How to Calculate the Properties of a Rectangle

A rectangle is a four-sided polygon (a quadrilateral) with opposite sides that are equal in length and four right angles. Due to its symmetry, it has properties that distinguish it from other quadrilaterals, such as the parallelogram or the trapezoid.

A rectangle is defined by the length of its length and width, but also has other properties such as its area, perimeter, length of its diagonal bisection, circumradius, and inradius.

How to Calculate the Area of a Rectangle

The area of a rectangle is given by the product of its length and width. Thus, the formula to calculate a rectangle area is:

A = l \times w

The area A is equal to the length l multiplied by the width w.

Graphic showing the rectangle area formula where the area (A) is equal to the length (l) times the width (w).

How to Calculate the Perimeter of a Rectangle

The perimeter of a rectangle is the sum of all its sides. Given its symmetrical nature, the perimeter can be expressed as:

P = 2l + 2w

The perimeter P is equal to twice the length l plus twice the width w.

How to Calculate the Diagonals of a Rectangle

When you draw a diagonal across a rectangle, you effectively divide the rectangle into two congruent right triangles. The diagonal forms the hypotenuse of these triangles, and the rectangle’s length and width form the remaining two sides of the triangle.

diagram of a rectangle showing the length, width, and diagonal

Because the diagonal forms a right triangle, you can use the Pythagorean theorem to calculate the length of the diagonal. Recall that the Pythagorean theorem states:

a^{2} + b^{2} = c^{2}

So, the formula to calculate the length of a diagonal that bisects a rectangle is:

l^{2} + w^{2} = d^{2}

This can be simplified to:

d = \sqrt{l^{2} + w^{2}}

The diagonal d of a rectangle is equal to the square root of the length l squared plus the width w squared.

How to Calculate the Circumradius and Inradius

The circumradius R of a rectangle is the radius of the circle that circumscribes the rectangle, passing through all its vertices. Given the symmetry of the rectangle, this is equivalent to half the length of its diagonal.

The inradius r of a rectangle is the radius of the inscribed circle that touches all four sides of the rectangle. It is equal to half the shorter side of the rectangle (or the width, if we assume the width is the shorter side):

Graphic showing the circumradius and inradius of a rectangle.

The formulas to calculate the circumradius and inradius are:


Practical Application of Rectangles

Understanding the properties of a rectangle is practical in countless scenarios, including: