# Perimeter Calculator

Calculate the perimeter of a shape by selecting a shape and entering your measurements in any unit, metric or imperial. See formulas for each shape below.

Select a Shape:

## How to Find the Perimeter of a Shape

Perimeter is the length of the outer edge or boundary of a 2-dimensional shape and is expressed in units of length, such as inches or feet. Perimeter is often found by measuring each edge of a shape and adding the edge lengths together to get the total length. The outer edge of a circle or ellipse is referred to as the circumference.

When measuring use the same unit of measurement for each edge, and use our length unit conversion calculators to convert all measurements to the same length if needed.

P = 4a

a = edge length

P = 2l + 2w

l = length
w = width

### Trapezoid Perimeter Formula

P = a + b + c + d

a = base a
b = base b
c = side c
d = side d

P = 2a + 2b

a = side
b = base

P = a + b + c

a = edge a
b = edge b
c = edge c

P = 2πr

### Ellipse Perimeter Formula

P ≈ π[3(a + b) – (((3a + b))(a + 3b))]

a = axis a
b = axis b

### Sector Perimeter Formula

P = 2r + ((2θπr) ÷ 360)