Amps to Horsepower Calculator
Enter amps, volts, and motor efficiency to calculate the horsepower.
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How to Convert Amps to Horsepower
The conversion from amps, a measure of electric current, to horsepower, a measure of power output by a motor, can be done using a fairly simple formula.
P(HP) = I(A) × V(V) × η × PF / 746
Thus, the power P in horsepower is equal to the current I in amps times the voltage V in volts times the efficiency η times the power factor PF, divided by 746.
How did we get that? This formula can be derived in two steps.
Step One: Calculate the Power
Since horsepower is a measure of electric power, Watt’s Law can be used to convert. Watt’s Law gives us the formula to solve power given voltage, current, and AC power factor using this formula.
P(W) = I(A) × V(V) × PF
The formula states that the power P in watts is equal to the current I in amps times the voltage V in volts times the power factor PF.
One additional consideration that should be made when doing the conversion is the efficiency of the motor being used. Motors are often only 80% to 90% efficient, which means that they can only produce 80% to 90% of energy output for the amount of power in.
When converting to horsepower, the efficiency can be accounted for by multiplying the result by the efficiency η in decimal form.
P(W) = I(A) × V(V) × PF× η
Step Two: Convert the Power to Horsepower
After converting amps and volts to watts, the next step is to convert watts to horsepower. The table below offers a quick reference for how to convert watts to electrical or mechanical horsepower.
|1 Electric HP||746 watts|
|1 Mechanical HP||745.7 watts|
|1 Metric HP||735.5 watts|
Because 1 horsepower is equal to 746 watts, the formula above will include a division by 746 to complete the conversion.
P(HP) = P(W) / 746 W⁄HP
For example, let’s find the horsepower of a motor drawing 8 amps at 120 volts that is 90% efficient. Assume a PF of 1.
P(HP) = 8 A × 120 V × 0.9 × 1 / 746 W⁄HP
P(HP) = 864 W / 746 W⁄HP
P(HP) = 1.158 HP
Common Amps to Horsepower Conversions
|1 A||.14 HP||120 V||90%|
|2 A||.29 HP||120 V||90%|
|3 A||.43 HP||120 V||90%|
|4 A||.58 HP||120 V||90%|
|5 A||.72 HP||120 V||90%|
|6 A||.87 HP||120 V||90%|
|7 A||1.01 HP||120 V||90%|
|8 A||1.16 HP||120 V||90%|
|9 A||1.3 HP||120 V||90%|
|10 A||1.45 HP||120 V||90%|
|15 A||2.17 HP||120 V||90%|
|20 A||2.9 HP||120 V||90%|
|25 A||3.62 HP||120 V||90%|
|30 A||4.34 HP||120 V||90%|
We also have a horsepower to amps calculator that you may find useful.
- Miller, C., NFPA's Electrical References, National Fire Protection Association, 2004, Jones & Bartlett Learning, 67-75. https://www.google.com/books/edition/NFPA_s_Electrical_References/raUyIi7i-asC