Gallons to Kilograms Conversion Calculator
Enter the volume in gallons below to calculate the weight in kilograms.
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How to Convert Gallons to Kilograms
Since gallons are a unit of volume and kilograms are a unit of mass, which are different physical quantities, we need to know one more physical quantity of the ingredient or substance to convert between them. In this case, we need to account for the density of the substance whenever we do a conversion.
Therefore, to convert between gallons and kilograms of an ingredient or substance, we must either multiply or divide by its density, depending on which direction we are performing the conversion.
Gallons to Kilograms Formula
To convert a measurement in gallons to kilograms, multiply the volume by the density of the ingredient or material. Note that in order for this to work, the density must be in kilograms per gallon (kg/gal).
If the density is given in grams per milliliter (g/mL), then first multiply the density by 3.7854 to convert to kg/gal.
For a density given in g/mL, you can use this simple formula to convert:
Thus, the weight in kilograms is equal to the volume in gallons multiplied by 3.7854 times the density (in g/mL) of the ingredient, substance, or material.
When to Convert Gallons to Kilograms
Gallons and kilograms are both commonly used to measure cooking ingredients.
For cooking applications, most chefs suggest measuring dry ingredients by weight rather than volume to improve accuracy in the measurements. The density of dry ingredients can vary for a variety of reasons, such as compaction and clumping.
The best way to ensure an accurate conversion is to use a scale. When a scale is not available, a calculator like the one above is a good way to estimate the volume to weight conversion.
Another useful application of weight and volume conversions is chemistry. When performing chemical reactions by combining separate chemicals to produce a new chemical, one must know the exact amount of each chemical to add in order to maximize the yield of the reaction.
It is common to mix powdered chemicals with liquid, or aqueous, chemicals, and this is where it becomes very useful to convert between weights and volumes.
A third application of weight and volume conversions is when shipping freight when calculating the volumetric weight for cargo and packages. Trucks, ships, and airplanes are limited in the amount of weight or volume they can transport, so if one of those quantities is known, but the limitation is on the other, then it becomes necessary to convert between the two so as not to overload the shipping vehicle.
Keep reading to learn more about each unit of measure.
How Many Kilograms are in a Gallon?
The actual weight of a gallon will vary depending on the density of the material. The table below shows how many kilograms of various wet and dry ingredients are in a gallon.
|Volume in Gallons:||Weight in Kilograms of:|
|Water||Milk||Cooking Oil||All Purpose Flour||Granulated Sugar|
|1/8 gal||0.473176 kg||0.487372 kg||0.416395 kg||0.25031 kg||0.4 kg|
|1/4 gal||0.946353 kg||0.974744 kg||0.832791 kg||0.500621 kg||0.8 kg|
|1/3 gal||1.2618 kg||1.2997 kg||1.1104 kg||0.667494 kg||1.0667 kg|
|1/2 gal||1.8927 kg||1.9495 kg||1.6656 kg||1.0012 kg||1.6 kg|
|2/3 gal||2.5236 kg||2.5993 kg||2.2208 kg||1.335 kg||2.1333 kg|
|3/4 gal||2.8391 kg||2.9242 kg||2.4984 kg||1.5019 kg||2.4 kg|
|1 gal||3.7854 kg||3.899 kg||3.3312 kg||2.0025 kg||3.2 kg|
What is a Gallon?
The US liquid gallon is a unit of fluid volume equal to four quarts, eight pints, or sixteen cups. The US liquid gallon should not be confused with the US dry gallon or the imperial gallon, which are different units of measure.
The gallon is a US customary unit of volume. Gallons can be abbreviated as gal; for example, 1 gallon can be written as 1 gal.
Learn more about gallons.
What is a Kilogram?
The formal definition of the kilogram changed in 2019. One kilogram was previously equal to the mass of the platinum-iridium bar, known as the International Prototype of the Kilogram, which was stored in Sèvres, France.
The kilogram, or kilogramme, is the SI base unit for mass and is also a multiple of the gram. In the metric system, "kilo" is the prefix for thousands, or 103. Kilograms can be abbreviated as kg; for example, 1 kilogram can be written as 1 kg.
A kilogram is also frequently referred to as a unit of weight. While technically, a kilogram is a measure of mass, and weight is actually a measure of force, the two are equivalent as long as we are performing our calculations on Earth.
For example, an object with a mass of 1 kilogram weighs 1 kilogram on Earth, but only weighs one-sixth of that on the moon, yet still has the same mass.
Learn more about kilograms.
- National Institute of Standards & Technology, Culinary Measurement Tips, https://www.nist.gov/pml/owm/culinary-measurement-tips
- CK-12 Foundation, Introductory Chemistry (CK-12) - 12.6: Mass-Volume Stoichiometry, https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Introductory_Chemistry_(CK-12)/12%3A_Stoichiometry/12.06%3A_Mass-Volume_Stoichiometry
- National Institute of Standards and Technology, Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices, Handbook 44 - 2019 Edition, https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/hb/2019/NIST.HB.44-2019.pdf
- International Bureau of Weights and Measures, The International System of Units, 9th Edition, 2019, https://www.bipm.org/documents/20126/41483022/SI-Brochure-9-EN.pdf