Kilometers to Micrometers Conversion

Enter the length in kilometers below to get the value converted to micrometers.

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1 km = 1,000,000,000 µm

How to Convert Kilometers to Micrometers

Tape measures can be used to measure units of length, and a calculator can be used to convert to another unit

To convert a kilometer measurement to a micrometer measurement, multiply the length by the conversion ratio. One kilometer is equal to 1,000,000,000 micrometers, so use this simple formula to convert:

micrometers = kilometers × 1,000,000,000

The length in micrometers is equal to the kilometers multiplied by 1,000,000,000.

For example, here's how to convert 5 kilometers to micrometers using the formula above.
5 km = (5 × 1,000,000,000) = 5,000,000,000 µm

Kilometers and micrometers are both units used to measure length. Keep reading to learn more about each unit of measure.

Kilometers

One kilometer is equal to 1,000 meters, which are defined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in a 1/299,792,458 second time interval.[1]

The kilometer, or kilometre, is a multiple of the meter, which is the SI base unit for length. In the metric system, "kilo" is the prefix for 103. Kilometers can be abbreviated as km, for example 1 kilometer can be written as 1 km.

Micrometers

One micrometer is equal to one-millionth (1/1,000,000) of a meter, which is defined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in a 1/299,792,458 second time interval.

The micrometer, or micrometre, is a multiple of the meter, which is the SI base unit for length. In the metric system, "micro" is the prefix for 10-6. A micrometer is sometimes also referred to as a micron. Micrometers can be abbreviated as µm, for example 1 micrometer can be written as 1 µm.

To get an idea of the actual physical length of a micrometer, one human hair is 40-50 µm thick, demonstrating how small this unit of measure is.

We recommend using a ruler or tape measure for measuring length, which can be found at a local retailer or home center. Rulers are available in imperial, metric, or combination with both values, so make sure you get the correct type for your needs.

If you need a ruler you can also download and print our free printable rulers, which include both imperial and metric measurements.

Kilometer to Micrometer Conversion Table

Kilometer measurements converted to micrometers
Kilometers Micrometers
0.000000001 km 1 µm
0.000000002 km 2 µm
0.000000003 km 3 µm
0.000000004 km 4 µm
0.000000005 km 5 µm
0.000000006 km 6 µm
0.000000007 km 7 µm
0.000000008 km 8 µm
0.000000009 km 9 µm
0.0000000001 km 0.1 µm
0.000000001 km 1 µm
0.00000001 km 10 µm
0.0000001 km 100 µm
0.000001 km 1,000 µm
0.00001 km 10,000 µm
0.0001 km 100,000 µm
0.001 km 1,000,000 µm
0.01 km 10,000,000 µm
0.1 km 100,000,000 µm
1 km 1,000,000,000 µm

References

  1. Ambler Thompson and Barry N. Taylor, Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI), National Institute of Standards and Technology, https://physics.nist.gov/cuu/pdf/sp811.pdf