Kilometers Per Hour to Mach Number Conversion
Enter the speed in kilometers per hour below to get the value converted to Mach number.
How to Convert Kilometers Per Hour to Mach Number
To convert a kilometer per hour measurement to a Mach measurement, multiply the speed by the conversion ratio. One kilometer per hour is equal to Mach 0.00081, so use this simple formula to convert:
The Mach number is equal to the speed in kilometers per hour multiplied by 0.00081.
Kilometers per hour and Mach number are both units used to measure speed. Keep reading to learn more about each unit of measure.
The kilometer per hour, or kilometre per hour, is an SI unit of speed in the metric system. Kilometers per hour can be abbreviated as km/h, and are also sometimes abbreviated as kph. For example, 1 kilometer per hour can be written as 1 km/h or 1 kph.
In formal expressions, the slash, or solidus (/), is used to separate units used to indicate division in an expression.
Kilometers per hour can be expressed using the formula:
vkm/s = dkmthr
The velocity in kilometers per hour is equal to the distance in kilometers divided by time in hours.
Mach can be abbreviated as M, and is also sometimes abbreviated as Ma. For example, Mach 1 can be written as 1 M or 1 Ma.
Although Mach can be abbreviated M or Ma, the Mach number is typically expressed with the number after the unit name. For example, the expression Mach 3 is preferred rather than 3 Machs or 3 M.
The speed is classified as either subsonic, transonic, supersonic, or hypersonic depending on the Mach number.
|Speed Classification||Mach Number|
|Subsonic||Mach < 1.0|
|Transonic||Mach = 1.0|
|Supersonic||Mach > 1.0|
|Hypersonic||Mach > 5.0|
Kilometer Per Hour to Mach Conversion Table
|Kilometers Per Hour||Mach Number|
|308.7 km/h||Mach 0.25|
|617.4 km/h||Mach 0.5|
|926.1 km/h||Mach 0.75|
|1,235 km/h||Mach 1|
|1,852 km/h||Mach 1.5|
|2,470 km/h||Mach 2|
|3,087 km/h||Mach 2.5|
|3,704 km/h||Mach 3|
|4,322 km/h||Mach 3.5|
|4,939 km/h||Mach 4|
|5,557 km/h||Mach 4.5|
|6,174 km/h||Mach 5|
|6,791 km/h||Mach 5.5|
|7,409 km/h||Mach 6|
|8,026 km/h||Mach 6.5|
|8,644 km/h||Mach 7|
|9,261 km/h||Mach 7.5|
|9,878 km/h||Mach 8|
|10,496 km/h||Mach 8.5|
|11,113 km/h||Mach 9|
|11,731 km/h||Mach 9.5|
|12,348 km/h||Mach 10|
- National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Guide to the SI, Chapter 6: Rules and Style Conventions for Printing and Using Units, https://www.nist.gov/pml/special-publication-811/nist-guide-si-chapter-6-rules-and-style-conventions-printing-and-using
- NASA, Mach Number, https://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/BGH/mach.html