Retaining Wall Calculator and Price Estimator

Calculate how may retaining wall blocks are needed and how much base and backfill gravel required. Optionally enter cap block dimension to include the cap row in the estimate and enter the price per block to get a cost estimate.

Wall Dimensions

Block Dimensions
Optionally enter the price per block

Cap Block Dimensions (optional)
Optionally enter the price per cap block

Wall Block Material Estimate:

  Cap Blocks
  yds3 Base Gravel
  yds3 Backfill Gravel
Estimated Material Cost
Cap Blocks
Base Gravel
Backfill Gravel
Estimated Total

Using the Retaining Wall Calculator

Retaining walls can be built using a multitude of materials, but they’re most commonly built using wall blocks or timbers.

To estimate retaining wall materials using the calculator simply enter the wall length and width and the preferred block dimensions.

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If the cap row will use a different style of block then enter those dimensions separately to get an estimate for the cap blocks as well.

Estimate the retaining wall cost by adding the price per block. For example, you can estimate a 10′ wide by 2′ high retaining wall and observe the materials required.

If you’re building a concrete block wall, then check out our concrete block calculator.

How Many Retaining Wall Blocks Do You Need

Retaining wall composed of standard block and cap block in a landscaping bed

To estimate the total number of retaining wall blocks you’ll first need to calculate the number of rows and columns that are needed for the wall.

Step One: Take Measurements for the Wall

Start by measuring the wall width and height. Most experts suggest embedding the first course of blocks below grade about 10% of the wall height to support the wall correctly.

For example, if the desired wall height is 6 feet, the wall should be embedded below grade by 7-8 inches. Be sure to account for this when measuring the height of the wall.

Step Two: Calculate the Rows and Columns

Divide the width of the wall in inches by the width of the block and round up, this is the number of columns. Divide the height of the wall in inches by the height of the block and round up, this is the number of rows.

Step Three: Estimate the Block Required

If the top row will be a cap block, then the number of cap blocks needed is the number of columns. To find the total number of blocks needed for the wall simply multiply the number of columns by the number of rows; don’t forget to subtract a row if using cap blocks.

Retaining Wall Estimation Tips

When ordering supplies it’s a good idea to plan for additional retaining wall materials, including blocks and cap blocks to account for waste or bad material. We suggest ordering an additional 10% of materials to accommodate this, but the complexity of the project might require more or less.

Don’t forget to account for embedding the first course of blocks below grade when measuring the desired height of the wall. Accounting for this from the start will ensure that the wall does not end up too short.

If the wall is too high, you may need to embed it deeper in the ground to reach the desired height, this is a little more digging but is otherwise ok. See our retaining wall cost guide to find the average price of a retaining wall.

Preparing the Retaining Wall Base

The retaining wall should be set embedded below grade on a level base of 6″ gravel or stone. We recommend making the base twice as wide as the block depth to account for settling.

The calculator will include this in the estimate, but you can also use our cubic yardage calculator to estimate 6″ of gravel for the project.

During the installing, it’s critical to ensure that the retaining wall base is compacted and level so that the first course of retaining wall block will be level.

How to Estimate Backfill Gravel

The retaining wall should have 12″ of gravel immediately behind the entire length and height of the wall to allow for proper drainage. The calculator above will estimate this or, you can use the cubic yards calculator.

Don’t forget that you’ll also want to consider adding a layer of landscape fabric between the stone backfill and the earth behind it to prevent the dirt from filling the pores of the gravel, making it less effective. Be sure to get this when purchasing material. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to