Engine Displacement Calculator

Enter the bore size, stroke length, and the number of cylinders to calculate the engine displacement.

Engine Displacement:

  cubic inches
  cubic centimeters
  liters


How to Calculate Engine Displacement

Engine displacement is the swept volume of air displaced by all of the pistons in an internal combustion engine. It’s essentially a measure of the volume of all of the cylinders in a motor combined.

Displacement is used to calculate the compression ratio of an engine and is used to indicate the size of an engine.

The formula to find engine displacement is:
displacement = π4 × b2 × s × c

Where b is equal to the bore size, s is equal to the stroke length, and c is the number of cylinders.

For example, let’s calculate the displacement for a motor with a bore size of 3.4″, a stroke length of 3.6″ and 8 cylinders.

displacement = π4 × 3.4″2 × 3.6″ × 8
displacement = 0.78539816339 × 11.56 × 3.6 × 8
displacement = 261.48 cu in

Engine displacement is often measured in liters, cubic centimeters, or cubic inches. If the bore and stroke measurements are in inches then the result from the formula above will be in cubic inches. If the measurements are in centimeters then the result will be in cubic centimeters.

To get the displacement in liters, use a cubic inches to liters conversion calculator. You can also multiply cubic inches by 0.016387 to get the displacement in liters.

You might also be interested in our engine horsepower and engine torque calculators.