# Concrete Calculator

Calculate the concrete material needed to pour a slab, patio, footing, column, or post fill-project in cubic yards or pre-mix bags, and estimate the cost of materials.

Optionally enter the price per cubic yard
\$
*The average price is \$115 - \$150 per cubic yard

## Concrete Material Estimate

### Estimated Cost

Optionally enter the price per cubic yard
\$
*The average price is \$115 - \$150 per cubic yard

## Concrete Material Estimate

### Estimated Cost

Optionally enter the price per cubic yard
\$
*The average price is \$115 - \$150 per cubic yard

## Concrete Material Estimate

### Estimated Cost

Optionally enter the price per cubic yard
\$
*The average price is \$115 - \$150 per cubic yard

## Concrete Material Estimate

### Estimated Cost

Optionally enter the price per cubic yard
\$
*The average price is \$115 - \$150 per cubic yard

## How to Estimate Concrete

Concrete, which is a mix of water, aggregate, and cement, is most commonly sold by the cubic yard, but is also available in pre-mixed bags. One cubic yard is equal to the volume of a cube with edges that are one yard (three feet) in length.

It’s important to calculate the amount of material needed as accurately as possible since you often only get one chance for the pour.

We’ll cover the process for estimating concrete in detail below, but you can also use the calculator above to simplify the process.

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### Steps to Estimate Cubic Yards

• Measure the length, width, and height of the slab, footing, or column. If the area is complex or if multiple pours are needed, break the project into smaller pieces and calculate the concrete needed for each individually. For instance, if you are measuring a slab that is not a rectangle or circle, break it into different sections and measure the yards needed for each section first, then add them together.

• Convert dimensions to feet if they aren’t already. Conversion calculators make it easy to convert inches to feet, yards to feet or meters to feet.
• Multiply the width times the length times the height (W x L x H). You can also use our volume calculator to find cubic yardage of a space.
• Convert the volume to cubic yards from cubic feet. To do so, divide the cubic footage by 27 to get the yards of concrete needed.[1]
• Round up to the nearest yard as most suppliers will likely not sell fractions of a yard. It is worthwhile to ask your supplier if they will sell a partial yard of material, but the most do not.
• Estimate how many pre-mixed bags needed for smaller projects, if it may not be practical to order a truckload of concrete and pre-mixed bags make the most sense. You can purchase pre-mix bags from your local home center.

Refer to table below that shows the coverage of different sizes of pre-mix bags. On average it will take 90 40lb bags, 60 60lb bags, or 45 80lb bags to fill one cubic yard of concrete.

• Add 5%-10% additional material to account for settling, spillage, and waste.[2] This will ensure you can complete your project in a single pour without needing to get more concrete to complete the project if you’re short.

### Formulas to Calculate Concrete

The following formulas can be used to estimate the material needed for various shapes.

#### Square and Rectangular Areas

The volume for a rectangular space is equal to the length times the width times the height. For slabs the thickness can be substituted for the height measurement.

volume = width × length × height

yds3 = (width ft × length ft × height ft) / 27

Use our rectangular slab, footing, or poured wall concrete calculators.

#### Circular and Cylindrical Areas

The volume for a circular space is equal to pi times the radius squared times the height. The radius is equal to the diameter divided by two.

volume = π × radius2 × height

yds3 = (π × radius ft × radius ft × height ft) / 27

π = 3.14159265359

Use our circular slab or column concrete calculators.

#### Steps

Divide the steps into rectangles, then find the volume for each rectangle/cube. Add the volume for each rectangle to find the total volume.

volume = width × length × height
yds3 = (width ft × length ft × height ft) / 27

Use our concrete steps calculator to easily estimate material for steps.

For more complex shapes check out our volume calculator.

## How Many Bags of Concrete do you Need?

If your project is small, you can use pre-mixed bags of concrete. Bags come in 40-pound, 60-pound, or 80-pound bags. Mixing bags on-site can become difficult if you’re pouring a large slab or have many footings.

Using bags can be easier than ready-mix when you have many small pours or a small project where a truck is not practical or cost-effective.

For the most part, ready-mix concrete from a truck is more cost-effective than bags and makes sense if you have a mid-size project and can pour all at once.

Calculating bags is a little less straight forward since each bag size will fill different volumes. Check the bag you’re using to find the exact fill-rate for the product. The table below shows the average fill for various pre-mix bag sizes.

This table shows the number of pre-bags of concrete needed to fill a volume measured in cubic yards.
Bag Size Pre-mix Bags Needed to Fill
1/4 cu yd 1/2 cu yd 3/4 cu yd 1 cu yd
40 lb bags 23 45 68 90
60 lb bags 15 30 45 60
80 lb bags 12 23 34 45

## How to Estimate Concrete Costs

Ready-mix concrete typically starts around \$115 per cubic yard but could cost upwards of \$150 or more, depending on the mix and your location. Consider that for smaller projects there will likely be additional fees for ready-mix, such as delivery or short-load fees.[3]

Pre-mix bags usually range from \$2.50 to \$7, making them a cost effective choice for small projects.

ready-mix: \$115 – \$150 per cu yd \$2.50 – \$5 per bag \$3 – \$6 per bag \$4.50 – \$7 per bag

The average cost to install a concrete slab is \$6 – \$20 per square foot. In addition to the cost of the concrete itself, there are also labor costs for preparing the area, the pour, and the finish.

A standard brush finish will likely be on the low end of the price range, while a decorative finish with coloring will be on the high end of the range. Consider getting a professional concrete installation estimate from contractors in your area for a more accurate cost estimate.

## Preparing for the Pour

Much of the work to pour concrete is done before the truck even arrives at the project. The site must be measured and laid out. Forms must be installed to create the edges of a slab or contain a footing.

Rebar or fiber or steel mesh should be installed to reinforce the concrete and to prevent cracking in the future. Try our rebar material and reinforcing mesh calculators to estimate the amount of reinforcement needed for your project.

Make sure the installation team is ready for the installation and able to begin as soon as the truck arrives to avoid having it set up before the project can be completed and minimize idle time.

## Tips For Ordering Ready-Mix Concrete

Call your concrete supplier and ask them to advise you on the proper mix given your application and region. They should be able tell you what will work best to support the strength requirements and freeze/thaw cycles in your region.