Concrete Calculator
Calculate the concrete material needed to pour a slab, patio, footing, column, or post fillproject in cubic yards or premix bags, and estimate the cost of materials.
Concrete Material Estimate
Cubic
Yards
Premix
40 lb Bags
Premix
60 lb Bags
Premix
80 lb Bags
Estimated Cost
Concrete Material Estimate
Cubic
Yards
Premix
40 lb Bags
Premix
60 lb Bags
Premix
80 lb Bags
Estimated Cost
Concrete Material Estimate
Cubic
Yards
Premix
40 lb Bags
Premix
60 lb Bags
Premix
80 lb Bags
Estimated Cost
Concrete Material Estimate
Cubic
Yards
Premix
40 lb Bags
Premix
60 lb Bags
Premix
80 lb Bags
Estimated Cost
Concrete Material Estimate
Cubic
Yards
Premix
40 lb Bags
Premix
60 lb Bags
Premix
80 lb Bags
Estimated Cost
How to Estimate Concrete
Concrete, which is a mix of water, aggregate, and cement, is most commonly sold by the cubic yard, but is also available in premixed bags. One cubic yard is equal to the volume of a cube with edges that are one yard (three feet) in length.
It’s important to calculate the amount of material needed as accurately as possible since you often only get one chance for the pour.
We’ll cover the process for estimating concrete in detail below, but you can also use the calculator above to simplify the process.
Find Qualified Concrete Professionals in Your Area
Steps to Estimate Cubic Yards

Measure the length, width, and height of the slab, footing, or column. If the area is complex or if multiple pours are needed, break the project into smaller pieces and calculate the concrete needed for each individually. For instance, if you are measuring a slab that is not a rectangle or circle, break it into different sections and measure the yards needed for each section first, then add them together.
 Convert dimensions to feet if they aren’t already. Conversion calculators make it easy to convert inches to feet, yards to feet or meters to feet.
 Multiply the width times the length times the height (W x L x H). You can also use our volume calculator to find cubic yardage of a space.
 Convert the volume to cubic yards from cubic feet. To do so, divide the cubic footage by 27 to get the yards of concrete needed.^{[1]}
 Round up to the nearest yard as most suppliers will likely not sell fractions of a yard. It is worthwhile to ask your supplier if they will sell a partial yard of material, but the most do not.

Estimate how many premixed bags needed for smaller projects, if it may not be practical to order a truckload of concrete and premixed bags make the most sense. You can purchase premix bags from your local home center.
Refer to table below that shows the coverage of different sizes of premix bags. On average it will take 90 40lb bags, 60 60lb bags, or 45 80lb bags to fill one cubic yard of concrete.
 Add 5%10% additional material to account for settling, spillage, and waste.^{[2]} This will ensure you can complete your project in a single pour without needing to get more concrete to complete the project if you’re short.
Formulas to Calculate Concrete
The following formulas can be used to estimate the material needed for various shapes.
Square and Rectangular Areas
The volume for a rectangular space is equal to the length times the width times the height. For slabs the thickness can be substituted for the height measurement.
volume = width × length × height
yds^{3} = (width ft × length ft × height ft) / 27
Use our rectangular slab, footing, or poured wall concrete calculators.
Circular and Cylindrical Areas
The volume for a circular space is equal to pi times the radius squared times the height. The radius is equal to the diameter divided by two.
volume = π × radius^{2} × height
yds^{3} = (π × radius ft × radius ft × height ft) / 27
π = 3.14159265359
Use our circular slab or column concrete calculators.
Steps
Divide the steps into rectangles, then find the volume for each rectangle/cube. Add the volume for each rectangle to find the total volume.
volume = width × length × height
yds^{3} = (width ft × length ft × height ft) / 27
Use our concrete steps calculator to easily estimate material for steps.
For more complex shapes check out our volume calculator.
How Many Bags of Concrete do you Need?
If your project is small, you can use premixed bags of concrete. Bags come in 40pound, 60pound, or 80pound bags. Mixing bags onsite can become difficult if you’re pouring a large slab or have many footings.
Using bags can be easier than readymix when you have many small pours or a small project where a truck is not practical or costeffective.
For the most part, readymix concrete from a truck is more costeffective than bags and makes sense if you have a midsize project and can pour all at once.
Calculating bags is a little less straight forward since each bag size will fill different volumes. Check the bag you’re using to find the exact fillrate for the product. The table below shows the average fill for various premix bag sizes.
Bag Size  Premix Bags Needed to Fill  

1/4 cu yd  1/2 cu yd  3/4 cu yd  1 cu yd  
40 lb bags  23  45  68  90 
60 lb bags  15  30  45  60 
80 lb bags  12  23  34  45 
How to Estimate Concrete Costs
Readymix concrete typically starts around $115 per cubic yard but could cost upwards of $150 or more, depending on the mix and your location. Consider that for smaller projects there will likely be additional fees for readymix, such as delivery or shortload fees.^{[3]}
Premix bags usually range from $2.50 to $7, making them a cost effective choice for small projects.
readymix:  $115 – $150 per cu yd 

premix 40 lb bags:  $2.50 – $5 per bag 
premix 60 lb bags:  $3 – $6 per bag 
premix 80 lb bags:  $4.50 – $7 per bag 
The average cost to install a concrete slab is $6 – $20 per square foot. In addition to the cost of the concrete itself, there are also labor costs for preparing the area, the pour, and the finish.
A standard brush finish will likely be on the low end of the price range, while a decorative finish with coloring will be on the high end of the range. Consider getting a professional concrete installation estimate from contractors in your area for a more accurate cost estimate.
Preparing for the Pour
Much of the work to pour concrete is done before the truck even arrives at the project. The site must be measured and laid out. Forms must be installed to create the edges of a slab or contain a footing.
Rebar or fiber or steel mesh should be installed to reinforce the concrete and to prevent cracking in the future. Try our rebar material and reinforcing mesh calculators to estimate the amount of reinforcement needed for your project.
Make sure the installation team is ready for the installation and able to begin as soon as the truck arrives to avoid having it set up before the project can be completed and minimize idle time.
Tips For Ordering ReadyMix Concrete
Call your concrete supplier and ask them to advise you on the proper mix given your application and region. They should be able tell you what will work best to support the strength requirements and freeze/thaw cycles in your region.
Consider additional costs for a readymix delivery. Typically, there are fees for delivery, weekend service, small loads, and overtime for long unloading times. Call your supplier and understand these costs ahead of time and plan accordingly.
Order additional concrete for your project. The amount of overage you plan for will vary based on your quantity but plan for at least 10% overage to accommodate spillage, settling, and grading inconsistencies. This will save you from a bad pour in the event that your estimates are even slightly off.
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Recommended
References
 Family Handyman, How to Estimate a Concrete Order, https://www.familyhandyman.com/article/howtoestimateaconcreteorder/
 Juan Rodriguez, Ready Mix Concrete Ordering Tips, The Balance, https://www.thebalancesmb.com/readymixconcreteorderingtips844454
 On The House, Buying Concrete – 12 Tips to Determining Project Success, https://www.onthehouse.com/buyingconcrete12tipsdetermingprojectsuccess/